The Effects of Story Creation on Recall Performance

DeWitt, Amelia G. (2019) The Effects of Story Creation on Recall Performance. Undergraduate thesis, under the direction of Matthew Reysen from Psychology, The University of Mississippi.

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Prior experiments (e.g., Nairne, Pandeirada, Thompson, 2008) have demonstrated that considering information with respect to one’s survival improves recall performance relative to other well-known deep processing tasks. In the present experiment, we sought to determine whether creating stories might lead to similarly high levels of recall performance. To determine this, participants were assigned to either a survival, pleasantness, or story creation condition and were asked to consider 20 common nouns with respect to one of those three sets of instructions. After performing one of these tasks, participants were asked to complete a brief distractor task followed by a free recall test. The results indicated that participants’ free recall performance was best in the story creation condition, intermediate in the survival processing condition, and worst in the pleasantness processing condition. Overall, these results suggest that creating stories may represent a particularly effective approach for remembering information.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Creators: DeWitt, Amelia G.
Student's Degree Program(s): B.A. in Psychology
Thesis Advisor: Matthew Reysen
Thesis Advisor's Department: Psychology
Institution: The University of Mississippi
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Amelia DeWitt Amelia DeWitt
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 04:01
Last Modified: 10 May 2019 04:01

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