The Effects of Ultrasonic and Photochemical Pretreatment on Heating Value and Carbon Capturing Ability of Fast Pyrolysis-Derived Biochars

Houry, Jordan and Kim, Dong Joon and Roy, Cary (2017) The Effects of Ultrasonic and Photochemical Pretreatment on Heating Value and Carbon Capturing Ability of Fast Pyrolysis-Derived Biochars. Undergraduate thesis, under the direction of Wei-Yin Chen from Chemical Engineering, University of Mississippi.

[img] Text
Final Thesis Draft.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Slow pyrolysis biochar has been shown to be receptive to ultrasonic and photochemical pretreatment that raises the heating value, surface area, and carbon content of the samples. This experiment was designed to test the feasibility of substituting fast pyrolysis derived biochar in place of slow pyrolysis biochars in order to reduce production times. Furthermore, new biomasses (switchgrass, rice husk, and rice straw) were tested for their receptiveness to pretreatment methods. It was ultimately determined that fast pyrolysis biochars that were exposed to pretreatment increased their carbon content and surface area but did not experience a heating value increase to the same degree as slow pyrolysis biochars. It was hypothesized that this was due to the presence of oxygen in the reactor that produced the chars, a condition atypical in pyrolysis reactors that might have led to side reactions during pyrolysis that prevented improvements from heating value to take place.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Creators: Houry, Jordan and Kim, Dong Joon and Roy, Cary
Student's Degree Program(s): B.S. in Chemical Engineering
Thesis Advisor: Wei-Yin Chen
Thesis Advisor's Department: Chemical Engineering
Institution: University of Mississippi
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Jordan D. Houry
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 14:40
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 14:40
URI: http://thesis.honors.olemiss.edu/id/eprint/792

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item