Chile Se Moviliza: Protest Movements and Inequality in Post-Dictatorship Chile

Jaishankar, Shruti (2014) Chile Se Moviliza: Protest Movements and Inequality in Post-Dictatorship Chile. Undergraduate thesis, under the direction of Susan Allen from Political Science, The University of Mississippi.

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Abstract

On March 11, 1990, Augusto Pinochet, one of Latin America’s most infamous dictators, left office after Chileans ordered him to step down in a nationwide plebiscite. Since Pinochet harshly punished any and all dissenters, protests re-emerged in Chile as a popular form of political action. In this thesis, I examine the relationship between economic and political inequality and the frequency of protests and peaceful demonstrations in the country. I examine the theory behind why people protest, and later examine the history of individual protest movements (such as the Chilean Education Movement). Lastly, I run a regression to evaluate the relationship between GINI coefficient (a popular measure of income inequality) and the frequency of peaceful demonstrations since the end of the dictatorship. Though the regression does not indicate that there is a significant relationship between the two, survey data suggests that Chileans view protest as a legitimate and effective form of political action, and that they have little faith in the government and party system to represent their interests. Thus, I posit that Chileans protest because existing social and political infrastructures are not functioning as they should.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Creators: Jaishankar, Shruti
Student's Degree Program(s): B.A. in International Studies, Political Science, and Spanish
Thesis Advisor: Susan Allen
Thesis Advisor's Department: Political Science
Institution: The University of Mississippi
Subjects: J Political Science > JL Political institutions (America except United States)
Depositing User: Shruti Jaishankar
Date Deposited: 09 May 2014 16:02
Last Modified: 09 May 2014 16:02
URI: http://thesis.honors.olemiss.edu/id/eprint/160

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