Screening for Mental Health Concerns Across Pregnancy : Factors Associated with Depression and Anxiety Symptons in a Large OBGYN Clinic

Keller, Addie (2019) Screening for Mental Health Concerns Across Pregnancy : Factors Associated with Depression and Anxiety Symptons in a Large OBGYN Clinic. Undergraduate thesis, under the direction of Danielle Maack from Psychology, The University of Mississippi.

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Abstract

Depression and anxiety are prevalent among pregnant women, however, mental health continues to be a portion of care neglected in the obstetric setting. Depression is of-ten thought of as a disorder that leads to a persistent feeling of sadness. Anxiety is charac-terized by excessive fear and worry. Because of the many changes occurring throughout pregnancy, both physically and emotionally, it is not uncommon for pregnant women to struggle with depression, anxiety, or both. Previous studies have found that there are many factors associated with depression and anxiety throughout pregnancy. This study focuses on the relationship between age, gravida, and social support with levels of depression and anxiety among pregnant women. The participants were pregnant women from the northern Mississippi area (N=502, 77.1% White, 19.6% African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% Native American, and 1.6% multiracial) ages 18 to 45. When the women arrived at the OBGYN of Tupelo, they were approached and asked if they were willing to participate in a study observing changes throughout pregnancy. If they consented, women were given the demographic question-naire and packet of measures, including the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale21 (DASS-21; Lovibond et al., 1995); DASS-21 and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; Cox, Holden, Sagovsky, 1987). The results showed that there was a negative correlation between maternal age and depression, as well as maternal age and anxiety, supporting the hypothesis. It was also found that married pregnant women, serving as an estimate for social support, were less likely to experience depression than non-married pregnant women; while no significant as-sociation was found between social support and anxiety. Lastly, there was no association found between gravida and depression and a negative correlation between gravida and anx-iety. Overall, the findings in this study were consistent with that of previous findings, with some variability in the gravida factor. The results showing the prevalence of depres-sion and anxiety in pregnant women display the importance for mental health screening in every medical practice, but especially obstetrics.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Creators: Keller, Addie
Student's Degree Program(s): B.A. in Biology
Thesis Advisor: Danielle Maack
Thesis Advisor's Department: Psychology
Institution: The University of Mississippi
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Addie Keller
Date Deposited: 21 May 2019 17:20
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 17:20
URI: http://thesis.honors.olemiss.edu/id/eprint/1501

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